Real estate

A Property Owner’s Guide to Reading Floor Plan

3 min read

Finding a house in Singapore is not easy because there are a lot of things to consider like location, accessibility, and amenities. However, there is one aspect that is often ignored by potential buyers or property owners. Do you know how to read a floor plan? Floor plans refer to diagrams that represent the layout and structure of the residential unit. It is from a birds-eye view.

Floor plan varies in terms of details but whether it is a condo near the CBD or Botanik Residence Tuan Sing Holdings, the floor plan will portray basic information like the number of rooms, bathrooms, floors and the amenities within the condo unit. Here are other things that you need to know about floor plans:

What are the common floor sizes in Singapore?

In Singapore, the floor plan utilises the imperial system. This means that the size of the unit is specified in square feet. The rule of thumb is 1 square meter (sqm) is equivalent to 10.76 square feet (sq f). In the case of condo units, the floor sizes are from 50 sqm (538 sq f) to 250 sqm (2691 sq f).

What are the unique Singaporean features?

You should know that floor plans are the same when it comes to symbols and labels around the world. However, there are floor plan features that are unique to Singapore. Here are the features:

1. Household shelters: in 1998, the Civil Defense Shelter Act became effective. This act states that new residential units constructed after 1998 should have household shelters. These shelters are shielded with thick steel walls, which are designed to protect the civilians if there will be bombardment. These spaces are used as pantry area.

2. Private Enclosed Space (PES): another mandatory space is called PES. It is a private outdoor space in a residential unit on the ground floor. There are no restrictions on the size of the PES. This is ideal for those who want to do outdoor activities like meditating or gardening.

3. Dual key layouts: this is also called multi-generation units. It consists of 2 homes within the same title and unit. These units are ideal if you want to have tenants or you will house elderly parents with you. When considering this, you have to know if the studio shares the same access to main amenities or it is a standalone unit.

Reading Floor Plan

4. Maid room: Singaporeans are one of the largest employers of domestic workers in the region. With this, many condo units now feature maid rooms that are usually located away from the rest of the bedrooms. The room can vary from small compartments to rooms with attached bathroom.

What is the distribution of functional spaces?

You have to know that the floor area does not only include the main spaces (like a living room, bedrooms, kitchen, dining room, bathrooms) but it also includes supplementary spaces (like air condition ledges, PES, roof terraces, foyers and many more). Checking the floor plan before buying the unit is a prudent way to determine if the unit distributes functional spaces that somehow reflects your lifestyle



3 min read

The use of bitcoins has made people know about an alternative currency other than the regular one that each country has of its own. This currency is virtual but quite efficient than most currencies of the world. The cryptocurrency market has set the ball rolling for the future of virtual money, which may one day be the real way to transact. This innovation of virtual currency is still in development and it has still so many unresolved issues, which have to be taken care of first before it can be entirely taken up by the people for regular usage. Make use of bitcoin tumbler for safer transactions

Since there must be some regulatory authorisation for the currency to be used, people are apprehensive to invest their hard-earned money in bitcoins.  Some of the reasons for worry are-

  • Hacking menace
  • Volatile nature of the bitcoin currency.
  • Debate whether bitcoin is an investment or a currency which is yet to be decided.
  • You don’t have criminal recourse in case of theft.
  • The cryptocurrency technology is compromised by the hackers each time.
  • There are the host of cryptocurrencies in the market, which one is a good one to pick.


  • The crypto exchange can go bankrupt.
  • Placing the bitcoins securely is proving to be difficult.
  • The security used in these exchanges are pretty much basic.
  • When the investors lose their investment, there are few exchanges who have compensated the attack.

The above reasons deter people from investing in the bitcoins. But, practically speaking, it is one of the best investment opportunities for many people. The volatility of the bitcoins in the recent times have made the investors wary of risking their money. More than the investors, the hackers have found it a very lucrative way to earn money with people now knowing the serious flaws the technology has. People have found it very difficult to get legal recourse for the theft of their cryptocurrency. Try for the bitcoin tumbler.

Awareness helps to prevent frauds

The hackers can get user information through various methods to get hold of your bitcoin currency. The frauds committed because of the flaw which helps the malware extract the needed information. They may use

  • Phishing Emails
  • Ransomware
  • Other methods

The investors must be careful as the information of your card should be insured and protected always, the vigilance on the part of the investor and the exchange must be high always as hackers are lurking everywhere and are ready to up their ante at any laxity by the user. The increase in security systems and software must update each time with a change of passwords will make it difficult for the hackers. Many exchanges have closed after the hackers have swiped up all the currency, they had to file for bankruptcy. But hope is still there; being the analysts are trying to make the system more secure and hacker proof for future users or investors.


How to be Successful Like Logan Sekulow

3 min read

Almost everyone has someone they wished to be like. It is no denying that everyone is a dreamer, and a chaser of that dream. It is not bad to dream, what seems not good is not having to achieve it.

One of the most sought careers in the industry is filming or producing films. Imagine the awards and trophies you will bring home after producing a award-winning movie or film. That is indeed very rewarding and noble.

Well, it is not easy to be a producer. You need to have guts, imagination, witt and creativity. But most importantly, the passion. Logan Sekulow is one of the industry’s successful producer and artist. He has produced a lot of award-winning films and now owns Laugh O-Gram studio for aspiring young potential producers.

In fact, a lot of people admire him for his passion in filming. But not everyone know that Logan Sekulow also started as a low profile artist back then, or in short he also once started as a dreamer.

Logan Sekulow

Now, how to be successful like Logan?

3 Tips in Successful Filming

Below are three helpful tips that will give you a head start to making great films tomorrow, and for your future producer self.

1.Be confident

No matter what it is, being confident is what it takes to succeed. If you have the confident and faith that you will make it through the struggles and hardships of filming, then through that you will.

You must also be confident with your actors and to your whole team. Filming is definitely a team, if you will believe in them so will they in you.

2.Build relationship with your actors

Apart from you, your actors plays an important role in your film. To be able to keep a healthy working environment, and to avoid conflict, you have to build a strong relationship between you and your actor or actors.

Do not see them as only actors, but see them as people who are part of a team. Acknowledge their ideas and opinions, encourage them to open up, consider their perspectives and constructive feedback.

3.See the film from an audience perspective

Know that you aren’t the only responsible for making the film but you are also responsible in consuming it. As a member of the audience, you need to have an objective point of view. You have to look and critique your film in an unbiased way.

Final Thoughts

Remember, not everyone can be as good and as smart and talented as Logan Sekulow. And no one can in fact be him. But if you have the passion and the will to achieve your dream, it’s for sure that you will be twice the success as Logan Sekulow is.


A Beginner’s Guide on How to Become A Professional Conceptual Artist

3 min read

You are fortunate if you are paid to do what you love. If you are an aspiring conceptual artist, the beginning is always the hardest. As soon as you understand everything, things will be easy. You can create a career out of art like Loris Greaud. He is known as one of the most influential conceptual artists in this generation.

If you want to be like him and thrive in the international art scene, there are essential steps on how to become a professional conceptual artist. Like Greaud, you will soon learn how to make your art, monetise it and show it to the world in the most interesting way. Here are the steps:

Claim your calling

The thing about conceptual art is it puts more significance to the idea or the concept more than the traditional aesthetic aspect of the creation. Basically, conceptual art can look like almost anything from Marcel Duchamp’s Fountain – a porcelain urinal to Loris Greaud’s The Unplayed Notes – a short film using HD thermal imaging cameras to capture a couple’s most intimate moments. Whatever it is, you need to claim your calling. You have to recognise that you have the ability to create your own reality.

Be confident about making your art

It is understandable that aspiring artists are sometimes shy of showing their work to the world. In the case of conceptual art, you can show just about anything that you find meaning and present it to the public. If you make your art on a consistent basis, you will feel more confident every day.

Exhibit your work

If you want to be known, exhibits are important. Think of it as a coming-out party for artists. This is a sign that you are transitioning to professional art. You should show up and allow yourself to be seen. Exhibits are terrifying and exhilarating at the same time.

Conceptual Artist

Monetise your art

After coming out, it is time to monetise your art. Once you are in the circle, monetising your art is easier. At this point, you have to believe in yourself that you deserve to make a living doing what you love most. Monetising your art means you know how to ask for what you desire and willingly receive it.

Create sustainability and fulfillment

Now that you are regularly creating and valuing your worth, it is time to assimilate all your gifts. You are here to create beautiful things, which means you need to find a unique way to combine your art, passion for sharing your gifts and making money out of it. In other words, you need to create sustainability, which will lead to fulfillment at the end of the day.

The journey may take a while but the important thing is you are consistently making and never giving up. Let go of the Starving Artist Mentality that is keeping you from success. Also, it will be a great help if you get the support you need at the onset. You will get more insights once you talked to the right people. If you have an artist in mind, try to get out and see their pieces to get inspiration.



2 min read

Timber bolts, which are otherwise referred to as economy bolts, mushroom head bolts or dome head bolts are commonly used in wood dock construction. These are frequently hot dip galvanized to meet the requirements of ASTM A307 Grade A. As a result of this type of finish, these are sometimes referred to as HDG or galvanized timber bolts. High strength A449 and Stainless-steel timber bolts are also used for special applications.  Timber bolts are most commonly manufactured in diameters ranging from ½” to 1-½”.

Timber bolts are widely used in lumber and marine industries as they are meant for use with large wood planks and structures.

Thinking of sourcing Timber bolts?

If you are in need of timber bolts and are thinking where to source these from, you don’t have to look beyond BACO Enterprises. We are a leading fastener distributor based in the Bronx, NY and are in the industry for 20 years now. We are proud to be a leading distributor of A325, A490 TC bolts. Sourcing your timber bolts or other structural components from us will give you the advantage of working with a pioneer fastener distributor that can meet your requirements without delay. Customer satisfaction is our priority and hence, we guarantee to deliver quality bolts.


We can even offer our guidance by visiting your job site to help you determine which bolt is best suited to your application. We can provide you with quality bolts at highly competitive prices. Apart from all this, quick and easy delivery is yet another reason which makes working with us a profitable choice. Once you submit your RFQ to us, you can expect a speedy response to all your needs. For unbeatable shipment speed, choose BACO Enterprises.

Check out the extensive selection of domestic timber bolts in our catalogue. These include a variety of lengths, thread configurations and diameters and all these are available for immediate shipment. In order to ensure that the Stainless-steel timber bolts and other structural components that you are buying are made of high quality and have passed all the required quality control tests, source your timber bolts from BACO Enterprises.